/etc/sysctl.conf Explained

Adjust kernel parameters

/etc/sysctl.conf is a system configuration file on Linux-based operating systems that allows users to adjust various kernel parameters at runtime. These parameters can be used to fine-tune the behavior of the operating system and optimize system performance.

The sysctl.conf file contains a list of kernel parameters and their values in a key-value pair format, where each line represents a single parameter. Here's an example of what the file might look like:

# Increase the maximum number of file handles
fs.file-max = 100000

# Disable ICMP redirect acceptance
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0

# Enable TCP SYN cookie protection
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1

# Increase the maximum number of network connections
net.core.somaxconn = 65535

In the above example, the file has four entries, each specifying a different kernel parameter to be modified.

The first line sets the maximum number of file handles to 100,000. The second line disables ICMP redirect acceptance, which can help prevent certain types of network attacks. The third line enables TCP SYN cookie protection, which can help protect against denial-of-service attacks. The fourth line sets the maximum number of network connections that can be opened simultaneously to 65,535. To apply the changes made in the sysctl.conf file, run the following command:

sudo sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf

This will load the configuration file and apply any changes to the system's kernel parameters.