/usr/local/bin Directory Explained
Contains locally compiled executables
/usr/local/bin directory is a location on your system where locally compiled executables are stored. These may be
programs that you have manually compiled and installed from source, or software that is not contained in the standard
Linux distribution repositories.
For example, if you downloaded and compiled a program called
helloworld, after installation, the executable file would
typically reside in
/usr/local/bin. You could run this program from anywhere in the shell by
/usr/local/bin is included in the system's
The above commands will navigate to the
/usr/local/bin directory and list all the files in it, respectively.
What It Is Used For
/usr/local/bin directory is used for storing system-wide executable files that are not managed by the
distribution's package manager. It's a place where the system looks for commands to run, so any executable placed here
can be called from anywhere in the shell.
This directory is part of the
PATH environment variable. The
PATH is a list of directories that your shell searches
through when you enter a command. Because
/usr/local/bin is in your
PATH, any executable files in this directory can
be run from any location.
Why It Is Important
/usr/local/bin directory is important because it provides a convenient location for storing executable files that
are not part of the standard Linux distribution. This allows you to easily run these programs from any location without
having to specify the full path to the executable.
Additionally, keeping these files separate from the rest of the system files can help keep your system organized and make it easier to manage software that you've manually installed.
How It May Be Related To Other Directories/Commands/Files
/usr/local/bin directory is similar to other bin directories on a Linux system such
of these directories is included in the
PATH and is used to store executable files. The primary difference is in the
type of software they store -
/bin is for essential system
/usr/bin is for binaries managed by the package manager, and
is for locally compiled or manually installed software.
Potential Problems And Pitfalls
/usr/local/bin directory provides a convenient place to store locally compiled executables, there are some
potential problems to be aware of. One common issue is that if you manually install software here, it won't be managed
by your distribution's package manager. This means that the software won't be automatically updated when updates are
available, potentially leaving you with outdated or vulnerable software.
Another potential problem is that if your
PATH is misconfigured, the system may not be able to find the executables
/usr/local/bin, leading to
command not found errors. This can be fixed by correctly configuring your
Examples In Bash On How To Use It
To add an executable to the
/usr/local/bin directory, you can use the
cp command. For example:
sudo cp ~/Downloads/helloworld /usr/local/bin
This command copies the
helloworld program from your Downloads directory to
/usr/local/bin. Make also sure, that the
command has the execute flag
x in the file permissions. Otherwise, you need to set it using
Once the executable is in
/usr/local/bin with the correct permissions, you can run it from anywhere in
the shell by simply typing its name:
The output of the command will depend on what the program does. In this case, if
helloworld prints "Hello, World!" to
the console, you would see: