Operating System Explained

A software layer between hardware and applications

An operating system is a software layer that acts as an intermediary between computer hardware and user applications. It manages system resources, provides a user interface, and facilitates communication between software and hardware components. In the server and VM environment, operating systems play a pivotal role in optimizing resource utilization and ensuring seamless operation.


The importance of an operating system in a server or VM cannot be overstated. It is the backbone that enables multiple tasks to run concurrently, manages memory allocation, and ensures the security and stability of the system. Without a robust operating system, servers would be unable to efficiently execute the tasks assigned to them.

The Linux Kernel

At the heart of every Linux operating system lies the Linux Kernel. The kernel serves as the core component responsible for interacting with the hardware, managing system resources, and facilitating communication between software and hardware layers.

The kernel acts as a bridge between user-level applications and the computer's hardware. It handles essential tasks such as process management, memory allocation, device drivers, and system calls. When a program makes a request, the kernel translates and executes these requests, ensuring proper utilization of the underlying hardware resources.

Command Line Interface (CLI)

In server environments, graphical user interfaces (GUIs) are often impractical, and administrators rely heavily on the command line interface (CLI) for system management. Understanding basic CLI commands is essential for server setup, troubleshooting, and maintenance.

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