usermod Command: Tutorial & Examples
usermod command is a system command used in Unix/Linux systems for modifying a user's system account. This command
modifies the system account files to reflect the changes that are specified on the command line. It's an essential tool
for system administrators, allowing them to manage user accounts effectively.
usermod command is a powerful utility that allows for diverse modifications to a user account. It is used for
tasks like moving a user's home directory, changing a user's login name or UID, locking or unlocking
user accounts, and adding a user to supplementary groups. Understanding how to use
usermod can be
a key to efficient system administration and troubleshooting.
usermod Command Parameters
Here are some common parameters used with the
-l, --login NEW_LOGIN: The name of the user will be changed from LOGIN to NEW_LOGIN.
-u, --uid UID: The numerical value of the user's ID will be changed to UID.
-g, --gid GROUP: The user's initial login group will be changed to GROUP.
-d, --home HOME_DIR: The user's home directory will be changed to HOME_DIR.
-e, --expiredate EXPIRE_DATE: The date of user account expiration is changed.
Examples of Using
Here are some basic examples of using the
Change the user's login name:
usermod -l newname oldname
In this example, the user's login name is changed from 'oldname' to 'newname'.
Change the user's home directory:
usermod -d /new/home/dir username
In this example, the user's home directory is changed to '/new/home/dir'.
Add a user to an additional group:
usermod -aG groupname username
In this example, the user is added to the 'groupname' group.
Change the user's account expiration date:
usermod -e 2022-12-31 username
In this example, the user's account expiration date is set to '2022-12-31'.
Disable an account temporarily:
usermod -L username
This will lock 'username's account, preventing them from logging in.
usermod command is an essential tool for managing user accounts on a Unix/Linux system. By understanding the
various parameters and options available with this command, you can efficiently manage and troubleshoot user accounts on
your system. Remember to use this command with caution, as improper use can result in changes that may be difficult to